- Population » 39.5 million
- Languages » Arabic, English (official)
- Religion » Islam
- Life expectancy » 63 years (men), 66 years (women)
- Currency » Sudanese pound
- Sudan is bordered by Egypt to the north, Libya to the northwest, Chad to the west, the Central African Republic to the southwest, South Sudan to the south, Ethiopia to the southeast, Eritrea to the east, and the Red Sea to the northeast.
- Hot and dry
- Arid desert
- Rainy season varies by region from April to November
- Windy season from November to February
- Sudanese travel visas are expensive and not easily acquired.
- Overland travel is dangerous and strongly discouraged by governments as at April 2023.
- One access to and from Sudan (and Africa) is through Saudi Arabia via a Red Sea ferry.
- Roadblocks are common. Have your identity and vehicle documents readily available.
- The Temple of Soleb is a UNESCO tentative site.
- Nuri on the World Monuments Watch
UNESCO World Heritage Sites
- Gebel Barkal and the Sites of the Napatan Region
- Archaeological Sites of the Island of Meroe
- Sanganeb Marine National Park and Dungonab Bay – Mukkawar Island Marine National Park
Safety and Security
- In October 2021, a military coup took place in Sudan.
- Sudan is ranked 155th out of 163 countries on the Global Peace Index 2023, and the third least peaceful country within the Middle East North Africa (MENA) region.
- There is a heightened risk of attacks in the region.
- Armed groups have carried out attacks on foreigners, including UN staff.
- Terrorist attacks and kidnapping are common.
Government Travel Advice for Sudan
Consular support is severely limited in Sudan. (2023)
This page was updated August 30, 2023