Flag of Syrian Arab Republic

Flag of Syrian Arab Republic

The Syrian Arab Republic


  • Population » 21.1 million
  • Major languages » Arabic, Kurdish, Armenian, English, French
  • Major religion » Islam, Christianity
  • Life expectancy » 74 years (men), 78 years (women)
  • Currency » Syrian pound (SYP)
    • 1 Syrian pound (SYP) = 100 piastres
  • Electricity » Nearly 220 volts / 50 Hertz AC


  • Area » 185,180 sq km (71,498 sq miles)
  • A country of fertile plains, high mountains, and deserts
  • A Middle Eastern country in Western Asia, bordering Lebanon and the Mediterranean Sea to the west, Türkiye to the north, Iraq to the east, Jordan to the south, and Israel to the southwest.
Map of Syria (Source » France)

Map of Syria (Source » France)




Safety and Security

  • The 2022 Global Peace Index ranks AfghanistanYemenSyriaRussia, and South Sudan to be the least peaceful countries in the world.
  • Advice of Canadian government is to avoid all travel to Syria due to ongoing armed conflict, terrorism, criminality, arbitrary detention, torture and forced disappearance. (as at 2023.03.18)
  • Since 2011 Syria has been in a bitter civil conflict initially sparked by the Arab Spring. It has grown into a complex war involving regional and international powers.
    At least 500,000 people have been killed in the war and more than half Syria’s pre-war population have fled their homes. (2019)
    Syria is the number 1 origin for refugees in the world today, accounting for about 6.3 million refugees.  (2019)
  • Syria is considered to be one of the worlds most dangerous destinations for travellers. (2019)
  • The security situation in Syria is extremely dangerous. All government recommendations are not to travel to Syria due to terrorism and civil war.

Government Travel Advice



Other Resources

This page was updated April 3, 2023