Flag of Egypt (Source :: Wikimedia)

Flag of Egypt (Source :: Wikimedia)

Arab Republic of Egypt


  • Population » 92.1 million
    • the highest population in the Arab world.
    • Younger than 15 yo: 31.3%
    • 65+ yo: 4.3%
  • Main language » Arabic, English is widely spoken.
  • Religion » Islam
    • Ramadan is the ninth month of the Islamic calendar and the most important month in the Islamic Calendar for Muslims, the majority religion in Egypt.
  • Life expectancy » 71 years (men), 74 years (women)
  • Currency » Egyptian Pound (EGP)
  • Electricity » 220 volts, 50Hz. European-style plugs with two round pins are used.
  • International dialing code » +20
  • Internet domain » .eg
  • Emergency numbers » 122 (police), 123 (ambulance) and 180 (fire)


  • Area » 1 million sq km (386,874 sq miles)
  • Time » GMT+2
  • Landmass is dominated by desert.
  • Most Egyptian cities, including the capital, and largest city Cairo, are located along the banks of the River Nile.
  • Egypt is a transcontinental country spanning northeast Africa and  southwest Asia.
    • Egypt is an important bridge between the West and the Muslim worlds.
    • The dividing line between Africa and Asia is the Sinai Peninsula, which runs through Egypt.
    • The Suez Canal is considered the “border” that divides Africa from Asia. This is a dividing line between continents, but it runs through Egypt.
  • Neighbouring destinations: Libya, the Sudan, Israel, and the Gaza Strip.


  • The pyramids make the country one of the worlds tourism hotspots.
  • Very commercialized. Very expensive.
    • Egypt is not an easy country to travel independently, even as political circumstances allow.
  • Research, learn, and respect the cultural differences and nuances of what to wear and how to act while in Egypt as these are often dissimilar from western countries and can be challenging for some.
  • A broadening experience. Challenging. Varied in culture. Enjoy the differences and the chaos.
  • The region is considered among the oldest civilization, with many historical places to visit scattered across Egypt.


  • A Carnet de Passage is officially required for Egypt.
    • However, Dan Grec of the Road Chose Me, and many other travellers, along with the right fixer, have  been able to enter and exit Egypt without one.
  • Road traffic » Drives on the right.
  • Fuel is relatively inexpensive in Egypt

Climate and Weather

Summary » Most of Egypt has an arid desert climate – hot and dry year round with a little rain along the northern coast in winter. Cooler coastal region that borders the Mediterranean. Between May and October, summer temperatures in Cairo can soar to 50°C (122°F). Destructive sandstorms are caused by the hot khamaseen winds that blow across the country in late winter and early summer.

Security Map of Egypt (Source :: Gov.UK)

Security Map of Egypt (Source :: Gov.UK)

Security & Safety

  • March 2023 » Leaked US intelligence reports show that Egypt was considering supplying  Russia with military weapons in support of the illegal invasion into Ukraine.
  • As of Sept 2018 » Due to a heightened threat of terrorist incidents in the region, some governments are advising against any or all unnecessary travel to Egypt.

Travel Health Notices

Government Travel Advice




This page was updated April 12, 2023