• Population: 32 million
  • Major language: Arabic
  • Major religion: Islam
  • Life expectancy: 73 years (men), 76 years (women)
  • Currency: Riyal (SAR)


  • Area: 2.24 million sq km (864,869 sq miles)
  • By area, it is the largest sovereign state in the Middle East, the fifth-largest Asian country, second-largest in the Arab world after Algeria, and 12th-largest in the world.


  • Often accused of human rights abuses, including murders.
  • The Al Saud dynasty holds a monopoly of political power.
  • Muslims from all over the world converge on Mecca for the annual Hajj pilgrimage.

Safety & Security

  • “Reconsider your need to travel. Higher levels apply in some areas.” – Australia Smartraveller June 2019


This page was last updated on 2021.03.18 by Robert Vinet