Flag of Turkey

Flag of Turkey


  • Population » 79.5 million
    • Kurds make up about a fifth of the population.
    • Istanbul is the third most dense city in Europe after Moscow and Paris.
  • Languages » Turkish (official), Kurdish, English is also widely spoken
  • Major religion » Islam
  • Life expectancy » 72 years (men), 79 (women)
  • Currency » Turkish lira
  • Electricity » 230 V @ 50 Hz
    • Plug Type » C / F


  • Area » 779,452 sq km (300,948 sq miles)
  • Turkey is partially located in both Europe and Asia.
    • Turkey, by land mass, is positioned 95% in Asia and 5% in Europe.
  • Turkey borders Armenia, Iran, and Azerbaijan in the east, Georgia in the northeast, Bulgaria and Greece in the northwest, and Iraq and Syria in the southeast.
Map of Turkey (Source » France, 2021)

Map of Turkey (Source » France, 2021)




  • Turkey is the fifth most visited country by tourists on the Asian continent.
  • Istanbul » Pre-pandemic, was on the verge of over-tourism (World Travel & Tourism Council, 2019)
  • Highlights
    • Ani » Capital of the Armenian Bagratid dynasty until the 11th century, and situated on key trade routes – in the far east of Turkey
    • Underground Cities and Carved Castles of Cappadocia (Fodor / Google)
    • Fethiye to Antalya (Spring and fall are the best time)
      • rock tombs of Myra
      • the eternally burning flames of Chimera
      • seaside amphitheater of Antiphellos
    • Recommended accommodations » Marianne and Chris of Tread the Globe repeated stayed at The Osmanli Hani in Dalyan and were treaded very well during the Covid lockdowns.
  • Unesco World Heritage Sites


  • Canadians travelling to Turkey for tourism or trade should purchase an e-visa prior to entering the country. (June 2021)
    • To renew a 90-day visa, you must leave the country for at least 90 days before being allowed to re-enter.
    • If you wish to remain in Turkey for longer than 90 consecutive days, you must obtain a residence permit from the Provincial Directorate of Migration Management in the province in which you reside.
    • When your e-Visa expires, you are not allowed to apply for a new e-Visa without departing from Turkey.


  • Drive » Right Side
  • The land border between Turkey and Armenia is closed. (Wikipedia)


  • Turkey wishes to join the European Union, but has been denied membership at the objections of Cyprus, Germany, and France. (2021)
    • Joining the European Union has been a longstanding ambition, but stalled over Turkey’s human rights record.
  • Visa liberalization is a top priority for Turkey as they wish their citizens have visa-free travel in the Schengen area

Coffee Notes

  • Tea is more common (I think)
  • Istanbul: Drink like the locals with a warm cup of Turk Hahvesi.
  • This coffee has been described as something that is “remembered for 40 years.”
  • Traditionally the coffee, which is listed on the UNESCO intangible heritage register, is served after meals from a long-handles copper pot called a cezve.
  • About $2 a cup.

Safety and Security

Government Travel Advice

Turkey’s World Rankings

  • #34 in Best Countries Overall 2021 (US News and World Report)
    • #35 Best Overall in 2020
    • Ranked 21st for Adventure in 2021
  • World Economic Forum 2018
    • Roads quality » 33rd
    • Innovation capability » 47th
    • Life expectancy » 47th
    • Reliability of police services » 90th
    • Property rights » 96th
    • Judicial independence » 111th
    • Freedom of the press » 129th
    • Quality of vocational training » 132nd




This page was last updated on 2021.06.28 by Robert Vinet