Flag of Guinea-Bissau

Flag of Guinea-Bissau

República da Guiné-Bissau


  • Population » 2 million (2023 est)
    • approximately one-fifth of the population lives in the capital city of Bissau
    • ~ 60% of the population is under 25 (2020)
  • Languages » Portuguese (Official), Portuguese-based Creole (more common)
  • Religions » Muslim (46.1%), Indigenous beliefs, Islam, Christianity
  • Life expectancy » 47 years (men), 50 years (women)
  • Currency » CFA (Communaute Financiere Africaine) franc


  • Area » 36,125 sq km (13,948 sq miles)
    • Swampy along its western coast and low-lying inland
  • Land border countries are Guinea to the south and Senegal to the north.
  • Atlantic Ocean coastline of 350 km
  • Highest elevation » Dongol Ronde @ 277 m
Map of Guinea-Bissau regions (Source » Wikimedia, 2023)

Map of Guinea-Bissau regions (Source » Wikimedia, 2023)



  • Generally hot and humid (tropical)
    • Monsoon-type rainy season from June to November
    • Dry season from December to May


  • Wikivoyage
  • Visa for Guinea-Bissau can be applied for in Senegal while travelling.


  • Roadways » 4,400 km (2018)
    • Paved » 450 km
    • Unpaved » 4,000 km
Map of Guinea-Bissau

Map of Guinea-Bissau (Source » France)

Safety and Security

  • Political instability, civil unrest, rampant corruption, widespread poverty, thriving drug and child trafficking
    • Last attempted coup d’etat took place in February 2022
    • Transit for South American cocaine en route to Europe
  • Violent crime targeting foreigners is not common
    • Foreigners are targeted in crowded areas, markets, and on exiting the Bissau airport, for crimes of opportunity » pickpocketing, theft, …
  • The capital city Bissau was declared mine-free in 2006, however unexploded landmines continue to present a hazard in other regions, particularly in the regions of Bafatá, Biombo, Oio, Quinara and Tombali.
    • Drive on well-travelled roads and not off well-used paths, especially in rural areas in the interior of the country.

Government Travel Advice

Note » There exists limited foreign diplomatic presence in Guinea-Bissau.


  • Modern medical facilities are limited, including in the capital Bissau.
  • Major infectious diseases risk is high (2023)
    • bacterial and protozoal diarrhea, hepatitis A, typhoid fever, malaria, dengue fever, schistosomiasis
    • animal contact diseases: rabies

Travelling Forward

  • While travelling through Guinea-Bissau, Tourist Visa for Cote d’Ivoire can be applied for at consulate in Bissau.


  • Guinea-Bissau has one of the lowest GDP in all of Africa (extremely poor, +65% living below the poverty line)
  • Weak economy, high unemployment, rampant corruption, widespread poverty, thriving drug and child trafficking
  • National Holiday » Independence Day (from Portugal in 1973) observed 24 September
    • Guinea-Bissau was the only country in West Africa to have fought its way to independence.



This page was updated June 1, 2023