Flag of Senegal

Flag of Senegal

République du Sénégal


  • Population » 15.5 million
  • Major languages » French (official), Wolof
  • Religion » Islam
  • Life expectancy » 65 years (men), 69 years (women)
  • Currency » CFA (Communaute Financiere Africaine) franc


  • Area » 196,722 sq km (75,955 sq miles)
  • Senegal is the westernmost country on the mainland
  • Bordered by Mauritania in the north, Mali to the east, Guinea to the southeast, and Guinea-Bissau to the southwest, and almost completely surrounds The Gambia, the smallest country within mainland Africa
Map of Senegal

Map of Senegal (Source » France)



  • Embassy of the Republic of Senegal in Canada
  • The Senegalese are known to be very friendly and hospitable.
  • The standard greeting is “Salaam Aleikum” a greeting in Arabic that means ‘Peace be upon you’.
    • Reply » “Wa-Alaikum-Salaam,” meaning “And unto you peace,

UNESCO World Heritage Sites

Overland and Road Safety

  • Drive » Right side
  • Senegal relies on imports of heavily used vehicles (often unsafe)
    • In 2016, the average age of the vehicle fleet in Senegal was 18 years, with 40% older than 20 years, according to the UN Environment Programme (UNEP).
    • According to the World Bank, the cost of road accidents represents 8% of Senegal’s annual GDP.
  • Russo border crossing is notorious for aggressive fixers. (Itchy Boots – S7 – E26)
    • Border crossing will not stamp a carnet, but issue a temporary 2 day pass to get to Dakar to have carnet stamped.

Vehicle Maintenance

  • Recommended motorcycle shop by Noraly of Itchy Boots » Mad Bikes in Dakar.


  • Tropical
    • Hot, humid; rainy season (May to November) has strong southeast winds;
    • Dry season (December to April) dominated by hot, dry, harmattan wind



  • One of Africa’s most stable democracies (RSF)
  • Formerly a French colony
  • Saint-Louis was until 1957, the  capital of Senegal and until 1902, the capital of French West Africa.
  • Saint-Louis, Senegal’s traditional center for fishing, has faced many troubles over the past decade. Off-short oil drilling platform has brought the community much grief. (AP 2023)



This page was updated May 16, 2023