Flag of Mauritania

Flag of Mauritania

الجمهورية الإسلامية الموريتانية

  • al-Jumhūrīyah al-Islāmīyah al-Mūrītānīyah
  • République islamique de Mauritanie (French)
  • Islamic Republic of Mauritania (English)
    • Capital » Nouakchott


  • 4.42 million (2017)
  • Major languages: Arabic, Hassaniya
  • Foreign languages: French
  • Muslin country
  • Currency: 1 Ouguiya (MRO) = 5 Khoums
  • Electricity: 220 Volt / 50 Hertz AC


  • Mauritania is a country in Northwest Africa.
  • It is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean to the west, Western Sahara to the north and northwest, Algeria to the northeast, Mali to the east and southeast, and Senegal to the southwest.
Map of Mauritania (Source » Wikimedia)

Map of Mauritania (Source » Wikimedia)



Points of Interest

  • Richat Structure
    • Also called Guelb er Richât, the “Eye of Africa”, or “Eye of the Sahara” is a prominent circular feature in the Sahara’s Adrar Plateau, near Ouadane, west–central Mauritania.
  • Banc d’Arguin National Park
    • This World Heritage Site is a major breeding site for migratory birds, including flamingos, broad-billed sandpipers, pelicans and terns.

Adventure Overland

  • It is not safe to go solo off into the desert starting in April due to the heat. Altar locals often move to the coast to escape the dry heat in April. Better months are between November and April.
  • There is a sort of 20 km wide no-man land area between Mauritania and Western Sahara where it is very dangerous – land mines – to venture off the travel portion of the road. Stay on the well marked track.
  • Sahara Overland


  • Mauritania is the least developed country in northwester Africa
  • Extremist groups pose a danger to travellers
Map of Mauritania (Source » France, July 2021)

Map of Mauritania (Source » France, July 2021)

Government Travel Advice



This page was updated April 15, 2023