• Capital: Ashgabat


  • Population: 5.5 million
  • Major language: Turkmen, Russian
  • Major religion: Islam
  • Life expectancy: 64 years (men), 71 years (women)
  • Currency: Turkmen manat


  • Area: 488,100 sq km (188,456 sq miles)
  • In Central Asia bordered by the Caspian Sea and largely covered by the Karakum Desert.


  • Oil rich
  • Pricy hotels – targeted towards business people


  • Canadians require a visa to visit Turkmenistan.
    • You will require a letter of invitation.
    • Reportedly, they only give 3 or 5-day transit visas for $55, which must be applied for in advance.
  • Unless you’re on a transit visa, you need a guide outside the capital
  • Ashgabat, the capital, was rebuilt in Soviet style in the mid-20th century and is filled with grand monuments honouring former president Saparmurat Niyazov.
  • Known for archaeological ruins including those at Nisa and Merv

See & Do

Other Resources

Safety & Security

  • Normal safety precautions for Turkmenistan

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