Facts

  • Population: About 48 million
  • Languages: Spanish (known as Castilian) is the official language.
    • There are several regional languages, such as Catalan, and English is widely spoken and understood.
  • Religions: Catholicism. Other religions include Islam, Buddhism, Judaism and other Christian denominations.
  • Electricity: 220 or 225 volts, 50Hz. European-style plugs with two round pins are used.
  • Life expectancy: 79 years (men), 85 years (women)
  • Currency: Euro (EUR)
  • International dialing code: +34
  • Internet domain: .es
  • Emergency numbers: 112 (general emergencies)

Geography

Notes

  • Spain is the fifth largest economy in the EU.
    • Tourism and automotive industries are among the biggest employers.
    • Spain was hit hard by the global financial crisis, but the situation is steadily improving. Unemployment rates remain high and jobs are hard to come by.
    • The economic downturn means public services may be lacking.
  • Education is compulsory for children aged between 6 and 16. The school year runs from mid-September to the end of June. Spainโ€™s public schools have good standard.
  • The cost of living in Spain is low compared to other advanced destinations in Europe.
  • The various regions of Spain are very diverse.
  • Ibiza, the Spanish island in the Mediterranean, has a reputation for very rowdy, hedonistic nightlife, where party-goers often over-indulge and become aggressive.

Tourism

  • Overtourism: Barcelona
  • Spain is the second most visited country in the world after France.
    • With its bright blue skies and long coastline with sandy beaches, Spain is a popular destination, despite suffering a harsh economic decline in 2009.
  • Locals have aย vivacious spirit and have a simple and relaxed lifestyle.ย Be prepared to slow down.
    • If it doesnโ€™t get done today, it’ll get done tomorrow, or maybe the day after. Stressing about it will not get it done any faster.
    • Don’t let the overly bureaucratic systems get you down which can be especially prevalent in rural areas.
  • Formula 1 winter testing and spring race at Circuit de Barcelona-Catalunya in Barcelona.
  • Hike: Oviedo to Santiago de Compostela (Map)

Overland

  • Road Traffic: Drives on the right
  • Unlawful to use a mobile phone, walkie-talkie, or other handheld communication device while driving
  • Shares borders with France, Gibraltar,ย Andorra, as well as its Iberian Peninsula neighbour, Portugal, with whom they share the longest uninterrupted border within the EU, measuring 754 miles.
  • Isla de las Palomas is the most southern point on mainland Europe.
    • Morocco can be seen from here

Climate

  • Spain is a large country and the climate varies across the different regions.
    • The north coast is the coolest and wettest region with an average annual temperature of 14ยฐC (57ยฐF).
    • The central plateau has seasonal extremes with temperatures ranging from 8ยฐC (46ยฐF) in winter to 23 C (73ยฐ F) in summer.
    • The south has the most hours of sunshine. Its summers can be uncomfortably hot, but winters tend to be pleasantly mild.

News

Last Updated: