• Population: About 48 million
    • Life expectancy: 79 years (men), 85 years (women)
  • Capital City: Madrid (also the largest city)
  • Main languages: Spanish (known as Castilian) is the official language. There are several regional languages, such as Catalan, and English is widely spoken and understood.
  • Main religion: Catholicism. Other religions include Islam, Buddhism, Judaism and other Christian denominations.
  • Education is compulsory for children aged between 6 and 16. The school year runs from mid-September to the end of June. Spainโ€™s public schools have good standard.
  • Electricity: 220 or 225 volts, 50Hz. European-style plugs with two round pins are used.
  • Currency: Euro (EUR)
  • International dialing code: +34
  • Internet domain: .es
  • Emergency numbers: 112 (general emergencies)


  • Spain is the second most visited country in the world after France.
    • With its bright blue skies and long coastline with sandy beaches, Spain is a popular destination, despite suffering a harsh economic decline in 2009.
  • Locals have aย vivacious spirit and have a simple and relaxed lifestyle.ย Be prepared to slow down.
    • If it doesnโ€™t get done today, it’ll get done tomorrow, or maybe the day after. Stressing about it will not get it done any faster.
    • Don’t let the overly bureaucratic systems get you down which can be especially prevalent in rural areas.
  • Spain is the fifth largest economy in the EU.
    • tourism and automotive industries are among the biggest employers.
    • Spain was hit hard by the global financial crisis, but the situation is steadily improving. Unemployment rates remain high and jobs are hard to come by.
    • The economic downturn means public services may be lacking.
  • The cost of living in Spain is low compared to other advanced destinations in Europe.
  • The various regions of Spain are very diverse.
  • Ibiza, a Spanish island in the Mediterranean Sea, has a reputationย for very rowdy,ย hedonistic nightlife, where party-goers often over-indulge and become aggressive.


  • Road Traffic: Drives on the right
  • Unlawful to use a mobile phone, walkie-talkie, or other handheld communication device while driving


  • Area 505,988 sq km (195,363 sq miles)
  • Neighbouring countries: Portugal, France, and Andorra.
  • Maps: OpenStreetMap | Google Maps


Spain is a large country and the climate varies across the different regions. The north coast is the coolest and wettest region with an average annual temperature of 14ยฐC (57ยฐF). The central plateau has seasonal extremes with temperatures ranging from 8ยฐC (46ยฐF) in winter to 23 C (73ยฐ F) in summer. The south has the most hours of sunshine. Its summers can be uncomfortably hot, but winters tend to be pleasantly mild.

News about Spain

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