Flag of Bolivia

Estado Plurinacional de Bolivia

  • Plurinational State of Bolivia (English)
  • Co- Capital » Sucre (official)
    • 2750 m in elevation
  • Co-Capital » La Paz (administrative)


  • Population » 10.8 million
    • The country is more rural than urban
  • Languages » Spanish, Quechua, Aymara, Guarani, and 34 other native languages
  • Religion » Christianity
  • Life expectancy » 66 years (men), 71 years (women)
  • Currency » boliviano


  • Indigenous people make up around two-thirds of the population
  • The country has the second-largest reserves of natural gas in South America
  • One of the world’s largest producers of coca


  • Area » 1.1 million sq km (424,164 sq miles)
    • About twice the size of Spain
  • Bolivia’s capital cities are situated on the Andean Plateau (Altiplano) in the western part of the country.
  • Landlocked
  • Bordered by Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Paraguay, and Peru.
Map of Bolivia

Map of Bolivia (Source » France)



Weather.com »

The narrow dirt road, which was built into the side of the Cordillera Oriental Mountain chain by Paraguayan prisoners in the 1930s, has a death toll of about 300 people a year, according to the History Channel. The path, most of which is no wider than 12 feet, descends nearly 11,800 feet in just 40 miles, and travelers have to deal with dangers such as aconstant fog, heavy rain, loose rocks, limited visibility and 2,000-foot drop-offs. But that doesn’t stop thrill-seeking tourists from traveling (and even bicycling) the infamous road, which has become one of Bolivia’s most popular attractions.


  • Fuel at the pumps is subsidized by the state and generally only available to citizens at this rate. The ‘Gringo Rate’ is normally double.
  • It is widely reported to be of lower quality, especially diesel which waxes at lower temperatures and higher altitudes and that gums up injectors over a period (as per numerous adventure travellers).
    • Bolivia (and much of region) is at high altitude.
    • Caution » Modern diesel engines are even less designed to run on high sulphur fuels.
  • Tourist may be limited to purchasing fuel at only some government owned ‘YPFB’ stations.
  • This can be problematic for adventure vehicles with limited range, especially when travelling outside larger centers where there may not be any YPFB filling stations that are permitted to sell to foreigners. This requires careful route planning.



  • El Alto International Airport (IATA code: LPB) is Bolivia’s main international airport,
    • located in the city of El Alto, 13 km (8 mi) south west of La Paz
Security Map of Bolivia (Source » France, Sept 2021)

Security Map of Bolivia (Source » France, Sept 2021)

Government Travel Advice


  • Canada
    • Embassy of Canada in Bolivia
      Street address:
      2678 Victor Sanjinés Street
      Barcelona Building
      Second Floor, Plaza España (Sopocachi)
      La Paz, Bolivia
    • Tel. » 591-2-2-415141
    • Fax » 591-2-2-414453
    • Email » lapaz@international.gc.ca
  • France »
    • Ambassade de France en Bolivie
      Avenida Hernando Siles n° 5390 – Esquina calle 8
      La Paz
      Tel : +591 2 214 99 00
      Numéro de permanence :+591 77593158
      Courriel : informations.la-paz-amba@diplomatie.gouv.fr
      Site Web




This page was updated September 30, 2023