- Population: 32 million
- Major language: Arabic
- Major religion: Islam
- Life expectancy: 73 years (men), 76 years (women)
- Currency: Riyal (SAR)
- Area: 2.24 million sq km (864,869 sq miles)
- By area, it is the largest sovereign state in the Middle East, the fifth-largest Asian country, second-largest in the Arab world after Algeria, and 12th-largest in the world.
- Often accused of human rights abuses, including murders.
- The Al Saud dynasty holds a monopoly of political power.
- Muslims from all over the world converge on Mecca for the annual Hajj pilgrimage.
Safety & Security
- “Reconsider your need to travel. Higher levels apply in some areas.” – Australia Smartraveller June 2019