• Population: 61 million
  • Major language: Italian
  • Major religion: Christianity
  • Life expectancy: 81 years (men), 86 years (women)
  • Currency: Euro (EUR)


  • Area: 301,338 sq km (116,346 sq miles)
  • Located in the heart of the Mediterranean Sea


  • Overtourism: Venice
  • Italy signed the Schengen area agreement on 27 November 1990. They started the implementation of the agreement on 26 October 1997 .
  • The Roman Empire left behind a rich history and a lot of cultural attractions
    • This has enabled Italy to become one of the top destinations in Europe.
  • Italy gave to the world some of the most famous scholars, artists, and polymaths
    • Michelangelo
    • Leonardo da Vinci
    • Raphael
    • Galileo
    • Machiavelli
  • Venice is on the Silk Road
    • Other the well-documented flow of goods heading west, consignments of cotton, ivory, animal furs, grapevines and other goods passed through the strategically sited port on their way east.


  • Bordered by France, Switzerland, Austria, Slovenia, San Marino, and Vatican City.
  • You will need your driver’s licence and an International Drivers Permit (IDP) or an official translation of the driver’s licence.
  • Motorists must give way to pedestrians at pedestrian crossings.
  • By law, drivers must use headlights on main roads outside the urban areas and on highways, including during the day.
  • Vehicle access to the centres of many Italian cities is restricted to help reduce congestion.
    • Traffic Restricted Zones (ZTL) and their hours of operation, vary from city to city.
    • Vehicles within the ZTL are fined if they don’t carry ZTL passes.
    • Rental cars often don’t have a ZTL pass.
  • ย Snow tyres or chains are mandatory in mountainous regions where snow is common. Road signs will indicate if they are required. If you donโ€™t have the right equipment, you may be fined.
  • In summer, only residents can take their cars to the islands of Capri, Ischia, and Procida.
  • On-the-spot fines are payable for a range of minor traffic offences. Many municipalities have outsourced the collection of traffic fines to theย European Municipal Outsourcing (EMO).

Overland Adventures

  • Colle delle Finestre (Map)

Coffee Notes

  • Drink your cup of espresso while standing at the bar like the locals do.
    • An espresso in Rome will cost $2 when standing at a local coffee shops bar, however it can cost double or more if you choose to sit down.


  • Aviation Safety Network – Italy


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