• Population: 61 million
  • Major language: Italian
  • Major religion: Christianity
  • Life expectancy: 81 years (men), 86 years (women)
  • Currency: Euro (EUR)


  • Area: 301,338 sq km (116,346 sq miles)
  • Located in the heart of the Mediterranean Sea


  • Overtourism: Venice
  • Italy signed the Schengen area agreement on 27 November 1990. They started the implementation of the agreement on 26 October 1997 .
  • The Roman Empire left behind a rich history and a lot of cultural attractions
    • This has enabled Italy to become one of the top destinations in Europe.
  • Italy gave to the world some of the most famous scholars, artists, and polymaths
    • Michelangelo
    • Leonardo da Vinci
    • Raphael
    • Galileo
    • Machiavelli
  • Venice is on the Silk Road
    • Other the well-documented flow of goods heading west, consignments of cotton, ivory, animal furs, grapevines and other goods passed through the strategically sited port on their way east.


  • Bordered by France, Switzerland, Austria, Slovenia, San Marino, and Vatican City.
  • You will need your driver’s licence and an International Drivers Permit (IDP) or an official translation of the driver’s licence.
  • Motorists must give way to pedestrians at pedestrian crossings.
  • By law, drivers must use headlights on main roads outside the urban areas and on highways, including during the day.
  • Vehicle access to the centres of many Italian cities is restricted to help reduce congestion.
    • Traffic Restricted Zones (ZTL) and their hours of operation, vary from city to city.
    • Vehicles within the ZTL are fined if they don’t carry ZTL passes.
    • Rental cars often don’t have a ZTL pass.
  •  Snow tyres or chains are mandatory in mountainous regions where snow is common. Road signs will indicate if they are required. If you don’t have the right equipment, you may be fined.
  • In summer, only residents can take their cars to the islands of Capri, Ischia, and Procida.
  • On-the-spot fines are payable for a range of minor traffic offences. Many municipalities have outsourced the collection of traffic fines to the European Municipal Outsourcing (EMO).

Overland Adventures

  • Colle delle Finestre (Map)

Coffee Notes

  • Drink your cup of espresso while standing at the bar like the locals do.
    • An espresso in Rome will cost $2 when standing at a local coffee shops bar, however it can cost double or more if you choose to sit down.


  • Aviation Safety Network – Italy