- Officially: Republic of Finland
- Capital: Helsinki
- Population: 5.5 million
- The majority of the population reside in the southern regions with Helsinki home for around 615,000
- Languages: Finnish, Swedish
- Religion: Christianity
- Life expectancy: 79 years (men), 84 years (women)
- Finland joined the EU in 1995
- Currency: Euro
- it belonged to the first group of countries adopting the Euro
- Emergency Number: 112
- Area: 338,145 sq km (130,559 sq miles)
- Nordic country
- Bordered by Norway to the north, Sweden to the northwest, and Russia to the east.
- Finland is one of the larger European countries but conversely it is the most sparsely populated
- According to the 2018 World Happiness Report, based on research conducted by Gallup, Finland is the happiest country in the world.
- It is famous for its educational system, and for being one of the safest and most eco-friendly countries on earth.
- Finland was part of Russia as an autonomous Grand Duchy from 1809 before securing independence in 1917. Before that they were under Swedish rule for centuries.
- Finland signed the Schengen area agreement on 19 December 1996 and started its implementation on 25 March 2001.
- Seat belts are compulsory
- Winter tires are compulsory from December 1st to the end of February with a minimum depth of 3mm
- A warning triangle must be carried
- Pedestrians must wear reflectors during darkness hours
- Once a driver or passenger steps out of a vehicle they in become a pedestrian so therefore must adhere to the ruling
- Speed limits are:
- 20 km/h in residential zones
- 50 km/h in towns
- 80 km/h in winter and 100 km/h in summer on single carriageways
- 100 km/h in winter and 120 km/h in summer on dual carriageways and motorways.
- Finland shares land borders with Sweden, Russia and Norway
- Estonia is across the Gulf of Finland
- Numerous ferry services run to Finland from Sweden, Poland, Germany and Estonia.
- Viking Line and Tallink Silja Ferries offer services from Helsinki to Tallin, Stockholm, and Mariehamn and from Turku to Langnas, Stockholm and Mariehamn. Finnlines operate from Travemunde to Helsinki, Turku and Rauma, from Lubeck to Helsinki, Turku, Rauma and Kotka.
- There are no road tolls or vehicle movement taxes in Finland
- There are no restrictions on the amount of fuel carried in the main tank that can be brought into the country.
- Finnish Transport Authority: www.lvm.fi
- #14 overall ranking in World’s Best Countries (US News & World Report, 2019)
World Ranking 2018
- Property rights: 1st
- Judicial independence: 1st
- Reliability of police services: 1st
- Freedom of the press: 4th
- Quality of vocational training: 6th
- Innovation capability: 10th
- Life expectancy: 21st
- Roads quality: 22nd
Safety & Security
- Finland is one of the safest countries in the world for travellers.
- Finland is NOT a member of NATO but the parties actively cooperate in peace-support operations. (Source)