List of European Union countries andย Schengen Area members

The European Union a political and economic union. This single market has no borders for trade. 19 Eurozone member countries use the Euro as their currency.

The Schengen Agreement signed in 1985 allows free movement of citizens without passport controls at border crossings within Schengen Area. It restricts the lenght of stay of citizens from outside the Schengen Area.

Country EU accession date Schengen Area Eurozone member
A
Austria January 1, 1995 Yes Yes
B
Belgium March 25, 1957 Yes Yes
Bulgaria January 1, 2007 No No
C
Croatia July 1, 2013 No No
Cyprus May 1, 2004 No Yes
Czech Republic May 1, 2004 Yes No
D
Denmark January 1, 1973 Yes No
E
Estonia May 1, 2004 Yes Yes
F
Finland January 1, 1995 Yes Yes
France March 25, 1957 Yes Yes
G
Germany March 25, 1957 Yes Yes
Greece January 1, 1981 Yes Yes
H
Hungary May 1, 2004 Yes No
I
Ireland January 1, 1973 No Yes
Italy March 25, 1957 Yes Yes
L
Latvia May 1, 2004 Yes Yes
Lithuania May 1, 2004 Yes Yes
Luxembourg March 25, 1957 Yes Yes
M
Malta May 1, 2004 Yes Yes
N
Netherlands March 25, 1957 Yes Yes
P
Poland May 1, 2004 Yes No
Portugal January 1, 1986 Yes Yes
R
Romania January 1, 2007 No No
S
Slovakia May 1, 2004 Yes Yes
Slovenia May 1, 2004 Yes Yes
Spain January 1, 1986 Yes Yes
Sweden January 1, 1995 Yes No
U
United Kingdom January 1, 1973 No No