Canadian Provinces and Territories

With a strong economy, magnificent scenery and an excellent social security system, Canada is a dream travel destination. Although sparsely populated and cold in winter, the second largest country in the world offers travellers a warm welcome. Canadians are known for their cheerful humour and self-deprecating manner.

Canada is a land of vast distances and rich in natural resources. The North American country stretching from the U.S.A. in the south to the Arctic Circle in the north. Canada borders three of the world’s five major oceans, the Atlantic Ocean in the east, the Pacific Ocean on it’s west coast, and the Arctic Ocean to the north. Canada shares the world’s largest international border with the USA to the south.

Canada is divided into ten Provinces and three Territories. Covering 9.98 million square kilometres (3.85 million square miles), it is the second-largest country in the world (after Russia) by total area. And with a population of only 37 million people, Canada has vast swaths of openness and wilderness, and plenty of opportunity for adventure.

Modern, culturally diverse, and progressive, Canada is consistently ranked as one of the best countries to live in. Major cities include the massive metropolis of Toronto, Ontario (4th largest city in North America); Calgary, in oil rich Alberta; Vancouver, in beautiful British Columbia; French-speaking Montréal and Québec City in culturally rich province of Québec; and Ottawa, the nation’s capital.

Canadians live in a land rich in natural beauty, from great northern landscapes and huge swaths of boreal forest, to temperate rainforests and prairie grasslands. Canada’s national parks are protected areas established under federal legislation to preserve it’s natural heritage. Along with about 1000 National Historic Sites, Canada has 39 National Parks, eight National Park Reserves, three National Marine Conservation Areas (NMCAs), and one NMCA Reserve.

Facts

  • Canada covers 9,093,507 square kilometers of land and 891,163 square kilometers of water, making it the 2nd largest nation in the world with a total area of 9,984,670 square kilometers.
  • Canada has two official languages — French and English
    • The majority of Canadians speak English.
    • French is the official language in the province of Québec, but English is widely spoken in most areas.
    • New Brunswick is the only province to recognize both French and English as official languages.
  • Capital City: Ottawa
  • Women have the same rights as men.
  • A handshake is a normal greeting, especially in business. In Quebec people often greet each other with a kiss on the cheek.
  • The vast majority of Canadians live within 300 km (180 mi) of the southern border with the United States.
    • Most of Canada is uninhabited wilderness, and Arctic temperatures make the northern territories difficult to build large population centres.
  • The most populated province is Ontario, followed by Québec, British Columbia, and Alberta.
  • Canada prides itself on its welcoming immigration policy. Montreal, Toronto and Vancouver have large multicultural communities that are open-minded and used to rubbing shoulders with people from across the world.
  • Canada spans six-time zones.
    • Newfoundland
    • Atlantic
    • Eastern
    • Central
    • Mountain
    • Pacific
      • In most parts of the country, clocks move forward an hour in March (Daylight) and back an hour in November (Standard).
  • Electricity: 110 volts, 60Hz. Plugs have two flat blades or two flat blades and a round pin.
  • Currency: Canadian dollar (CAD) — check the latest exchange rate
  • International dialling code: +1
  • Internet domain: .ca
  • Emergency numbers: 911
  • Road Traffic: Drives on the right

World Rankings

Canada’s World Ranking 2018
  • Judicial independence: 6th
  • Reliability of police services: 7th
  • Property rights: 8th
  • Life expectancy: 11th
  • Quality of vocational training: 11th
  • Innovation capability: 13th
  • Freedom of the press: 18th
  • Roads quality: 25th

Weather

In summer, temperatures can soar above 30°C (86°F), while in winter they can drop below -40°C (-40°F).

Notes

  • Canada is the world’s largest country that borders only one country.
  • Canada has the longest coastline in the world.
  • Canada has more lakes than any other country in the world.
    • The province of Ontario alone contains about a third of the world’s freshwater, spread over 250,000 lakes.
  • Canada became independent from the United Kingdom in 1867.
  • Heavy crude oil found largely in the provinces of Alberta and Saskatchewan is exported to USA and other markets, making Canada the world’s sixth-largest oil producer.

Geography

Provinces and Territories

Amateur Radio

Resources

Emergency Numbers

  • 911 – Emergencies Only
  • CANUTEC EMERGENCY #:1-613-996-6666 (24HR) – Chemical & Oil Spills/Accidents

Safety & Security

  • Canada is a very safe country. Exercise normal security precautions. Use common sense and look out for suspicious behaviour, as you would anywhere you travel. Monitor the media and other sources for changes to local travel conditions.

Government Travel Advisories

News

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