- Population: 53 million
- Currency: Kyat
- Language: Burmese
- Religion: Buddhism
- Life expectancy: 64 years (men), 69 years (women)
- Electricity: 230V/50Hz
- Currency: Burmese Kyat (MMK)
- Defaming, disturbing or threatening any person using a telecommunications network is illegal in Myanmar. In other words, they are not happy to see negative posts and comments on social media.
- Area: 676,552 sq km (261,218 sq miles)
- Myanmar is a beautiful country and has a dynamic culture.
- Check with Ministry of Hotels, Tourism and Sport before finalising plans.
- There are many strict rules and regulations. The Ministry has a section of “Do’s and Don’ts” on their web site.
- Consider visiting Mandalay
- Tour the UNESCO site along with old temples that populate the region and enjoy a traditional Burmese cooking class.
- A tour guide must accompany any overland travel through Myanmar.
- Overlanders will often group up to spread the cost of the guide, which by all reports, is quite expensive.
- Even if overlanders are in self-supporting vehicles, the authorities will prefer foreign nationals rent hotel rooms during their stay in an effort to boost the economy.
- As per the government web site (Dec 2018):
The process to be done by tourists who want to pass Myanmar with own vehicles is
- Get the visa from the concerned Myanmar Embassy.
- Firstly, contact with the compatible travel agency in Myanmar to make necessary arrangements for tour.
- Contacted travel agency need to have the passport copy, schedule of the visit, detailed information of vehicle (photos, type of car, car model No., engine No., and so forth).
- Travel agency has to apply the approval for permission from Ministry of Hotels and Tourism two week prior to visit.
- When the approval is ready, one of the officials concerned from the Ministry and tour guide from the travel agency will accompany with the tourists throughout the whole visit.
- Foreigners may be required to apply for and obtain a Myanmar Driving Licence at the Department for Road Transport and Administration in Rangoon prior to driving in Myanmar.
- Overland travel can be hazardous, particularly in the rainy season — from May to October. Roads can become impassable and bridges damaged. Check weather forecasts prior to travelling.
- Travel by road between beyond key destinations of Rangoon, Mandalay, Bago, and Irrawaddy is restricted.
- Expect poor road safety standards. Avoid night driving, due to poor lighting and road surfacing.
- Under Burmese law, the driver of a car involved in an accident with a pedestrian is always at fault.
- Many vehicles, including taxis and buses, are in a poor mechanical state, and serious road traffic accidents are common.
- Although drives on the right, the majority of cars on the road are previously used imported and right hand drive.
Safety & Security
- The military has toppled the elected government, jailing government leaders on trumped up charges (2021).
- Myanmar is a major centre for heroin production, and has recently become the world’s biggest producer of methamphetamines (2021)
- Myanmar is the fourth largest source country for refugees in the world.
- About 1.2 million people who identify as members of the Rohingya ethnic group have fled their homes in western Myanmar’s Rakhine state.
- As many as 700,000 have relocated to Bangladesh.
- Despite the country’s lovely beaches, incredible historical attractions, snow-capped mountains, and jungle wilderness, the ongoing persecution of the Rohingya people make it difficult to recommend travel to Myanmar at this time (December 2018).
- In 2018, two Reuters journalists, Wa Lone and Kyaw Soe Oo, were sentenced to seven years incarceration for exposing a military massacre of Rohingya civilians.