Flag of Mongolia

Flag of Mongolia

Alt=Monggol ulus, the native name of Mongolia, in Mongol script


  • Population: 2.8 million (2012)
    • Least populated country in the world.
  • Major language: Mongolian
  • Major religion: Buddhism
  • Life expectancy: 65 years (men), 73 years (women)
  • Currency: Togrog


  • Area: 1.56 million sq km (603,909 sq miles)
  • Mongolia does not share a border with Kazakhstan, although only 37 kilometres (23 mi) separates them
Map of Mongolia

Map of Mongolia (Source » France)



  • A tourist visa is not required for Canadians staying up to 30 days.
    • US passport holders can stay up to 90 days.
  • Visitors staying for more than 30 days in Mongolia must register with the Office of Immigration, Naturalization and Foreign Citizens within one week upon arrival.
  • If driving from Russia, visitors who require a visa can apply for a one-month tourist visa in Ulan Ude, Russia.
    • An extension can be arranged in Ulaanbaatar (the capital). Must be applied for within 5 days of arriving in Mongolia.

Adventure Opportunities

  • Hiking Altai Tavan Bogd national park to Malchin Uul, a sacred mountain (4,050 metres), “the baby of the five; the only one that can be climbed without specialist equipment” (The Guardian 2021.03.05)


  • Drive » Right side
  • Extremes of distance and temperature mean there isn’t much infrastructure.


  • Summers are short in Mongolia, ending in late August.
  • Don’t leave the trip to Mongolia too late (October perhaps?). All the tracks completely disappear in the snow. (Source: Eurasia Overland)
  • Winters plunger into the -30℃’s


  • Culture is grounded in nomadic traditions
  • Described as a pragmatic land of mutton and more mutton.

Mongolia’s World Rankings 2018

  • Freedom of the press: 58th
  • Reliability of police services: 82nd
  • Innovation capability: 99th
  • life expectancy: 104th
  • Roads quality: 110th
  • Quality of vocational training: 110th
  • Judicial independence: 113th
  • Property rights: 120th




This page was updated April 1, 2023